High Performance Energy Saving Design for the Karuna House – Window/Door Design
Hello everyone! Today I would like to go back to my series of posts outlining the design and construction of the Karuna House. The topic for this post will be the selection and resulting benefits of the improved windows and doors. Windows and doors are the biggest holes in the building envelope above ground. These innovations are what allow the HVAC systems to reach their maximum efficiency. Additionally, windows and doors are also a major aesthetic concern and these aesthetic factors play a big role in the decision process.
The Karuna House uses triple glazed, high solar heat gain, R-8 windows with a very thin frame. This type of window has an increased level of heat gain, but significantly improves the building envelope by allowing additional insulation to be placed around the frame. The triple glazed window also has a well documented performance history because it has been in use since the 70’s in Scandinavia. For the exterior doors, the Karuna House uses Optiwin doors. These doors are thick with insulation in the middle and airtight with multi-locking mechanisms to ensure a tight seal. To help with the heat gain issue for the windows, a shading system that can be lowered over the windows was installed. This has an additional benefit of being modern and aesthetically appealing. The triple glazing also provides a very clear view through the glass which adds to the modern, aesthetic appeal. To further improve indoor conditions, these windows and doors increase comfort by reducing the draft found near the window and door openings. All of the benefits above combine to reduce the impact on the mechanical systems which allows for a simpler, more efficient system to be used.
Overall these systems are simple and nothing too complex. However, these systems apply the same philosophy that is applied to the building envelope in general – simple and efficient solutions to problems. Furthermore, the philosophy applied to the building envelope, windows, and doors altogether should reap a lot of benefits for the mechanical systems and the energy usage correlated to that. The take away here is very similar to the previous post on the Karuna House – a little a effort put into finding cost efficient improvements to small elements of the house can improve the overall efficiency a lot.
What do you think about the window and door improvements on the Karuna House? Are there any issues that need to be addressed or improvements that can be made? Thanks for your time and have a good week!
Hammer & Hand,”Karuna House: Windows and Doors”, http://goo.gl/j7zAAy